Medina known as “the radiant city” for muslim or al-Madīnah is the city also transliterated as Madīnah, in the city Hejaz area of Saudi Arabia that is also known as the capital of Al Madinah Region. The city contain in al-Masjid an-Nabawi “the Prophet’s Mosque”, in which the interment place of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, and is the second-holiest of the Islam following Mecca.
Medina was Muhammad’s purpose after his Hijrah as of Mecca, and became the capital of a fast increasing Muslim territory, first under Muhammad’s leadership, or under the first four Rashidun caliphs, Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali. It serves to the power base of Islam in its first century everywhere the early Muslim group of people urbanized. Medina is the home to the 3 oldest mosques, known as the Quba Mosque, al-Masjid an-Nabawi, or Masjid al-Qiblatayn “the mosque of the two qiblas”. Muslims consider that the chronologically last surahs of the Quran were Showing to Muhammad in Medina, and are call Medinan surahs in difference to the previous Meccan surahs.